Police Use of Excessive Force in Disorganized Neighborhoods
ISBN-13: 978-1-59332-449-0 / Hardcover
Dimensions: 5.5 x 8.5 / xii, 180 pages
Hays examines how residents of socially disorganized neighborhoods become the victims of both criminals and rogue police officers. Following from theories of social disorganization and collective efficacy, Hays proposes a new theory for predicting police use of force. He argues that as neighborhood poverty, racial/ethnic differences, and residential mobility increase, it becomes more difficult for residents to know each other, to trust each other, and to help each other defend their neighborhoods from criminals and from rogue police officers. Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, he finds that residents of disorganized neighborhoods are doubly-victimized â€“ both by the criminals who work their neighborhoods and the police who are supposed to protect them.